Information on Visual Impairments

Information on visual impairments

a. Introduction to Visual Impairment and Blindness

 This site gives a good overview of vision loss related terms 

b. Glossary of vision loss terms

  The terms and definitions found in this glossary relate to vision and vision loss.

c.  Types of Visual Impairment

  This section includes information on some of the main causes of visual impairment today. It describes symptoms, causes, and treatments, provides information on prevalence, and suggests devices that can help people with these conditions maintain their independence.

d. Impact of Vision Loss:

    1. Vision Needs

    Special seating may not help student see board: teacher should verbalize while writing on board: student may be able to read from the board but be unable to copy the material.

    2. Fine Motor Skills

    Evident in handwriting, manipulating objects

    3. Gross Motor Skills

    Gait and posture may be affected.   Mannerisms may be present.

    4.  Spatial Awareness

    Poor body image and position in space

    5.  Concept evelopment

    Difficulties making part to whole relationships; trouble verbalizing a concept without visual frame of reference

    6.  Distractibility

    Difficulty staying on task without visual input

    7.  Rate of Performance

    Physically impossible to read as fast; written responses usually take longer; needs additional time or modified assignments

    8.  Organization

    May lose papers and materials; unable to locate text quickly

    9.  Impaired Observational Incidental Learning
                 Information on how students with visual impairments learn

    e. Vision Impaired Support Includes: 

      The Expanded Core Curriculum

      1. Visual Skills

      2.  Braille

      3.  Listening

      4.  Keyboarding

      5.  Organization and Study Skills

      6.  Social Skills

      7.  Career Awareness

      8.  Daily Living Skills

      9.  Recreation and Leisure Skills

      10.  Assistive Technology Instruction

      11.  Academic Support

      12.  Orientation and Mobility